Austrian National Library Papyri

The Papyrus Collection of the Austrian National Library with 180,000 objects is one of the largest in the world. It originated from the collection of Archduke Rainer, who began acquiring texts written on papyrus, parchment, ostraca and paper from Egypt in 1883. On August 18 1889 the Archduke donated his collection as a birthday present to the Emperor Franz Josef I, who included it in the Royal and Imperial Court Library as a special collection.

Birmingham’s Virtual Manuscript Room

This site from the University of Birmingham contains high-resolution images from Islamic, Syriac, Persian, Greek, Ethiopic, Armenian, Coptic, Hebrew, Turkish and other manuscripts. The site has plans to grow which will include materials related to the New Testament and to medieval texts.

The British Library Digitised Manuscripts

The British Library digitized over 600 manuscripts and plans to add hundreds more. You can search by year range or search by keyword or manuscript name.

Byzantine Paleography

“This page and the linked pages are not directed at those who are already able to read Byzantine MSS with ease, i.e. Paleographers, a skilled and erudite group of scholars. Rather the goal here is to present basic discussions, images, and a few useful tools to those who are interested in how we come to gain knowledge about the past, and to those just starting out with work on manuscripts.”

Catalogue of Medieval Manuscripts: Trinity College Cambridge

This is a digitized version of M. R. James’ work, “The Western Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Cambridge: A Descriptive Catalogue.”

Center for New Testament Textual Research

The H. Milton Haggard Center for New Testament Textual Studies “is a research center devoted to the study of the Greek New Testament text.” It is based at New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary and headed up by Dr. Bill Warren.

Center for the Study and Preservation of the Majority Text

The Center for Study and Preservation of the Majority Text (CSPMT) is an organization dedicated to the research and preservation of Byzantine Greek New Testament manuscripts.

The Centre for Septuagint Studies and Textual Criticism

The research of this centre focuses on the linguistic and text-critical study of the substantive/physical texts of the Old Testament.

Checklist of Editions of Greek, Latin, Demotic, and Coptic Papyri, Ostraca and Tablets

“The primary purpose of the Checklist of Greek, Latin, Demotic and Coptic Papyri, Ostraca and Tablets is to provide for scholars and librarians a ready bibliography of all monographic volumes, both current and out-of-print, of Greek, Latin, Demotic and Coptic documentary texts on papyrus, parchment, ostraca or wood tablets.”

Codex Sinaiticus Project

The Codex Sinaiticus Project is an international collaboration to reunite the entire manuscript in digital form and make it accessible to a global audience for the first time. Drawing on the expertise of leading scholars, conservators and curators, the Project gives everyone the opportunity to connect directly with this famous manuscript

Digital Collections: Bavarian State Library

This page provides access to the online publications of the cultural heritage preserved by the Bavarian State Library.

The Digital Walters Art Museum

This site contains hi-res images of manuscripts from the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, MD including numerous Islamic, English, Dutch, German, Armenian, Byzantine and Ethiopian manuscripts. The site includes biblical and non-biblical manuscript images at no cost to the viewer.

Encyclopedia of NT Text Criticism

This site links to many articles dealing with New Testament textual criticism from A to Z.

Greek New Testament [online collation]

“GreekNewTestament.Net intends to collate and transcribe all extant manuscripts of the New Testament. Unlike printed critical editions of the Greek New Testament, Internet Greek New Testament Project aims to present the readings of the manuscripts of the New Testament and quotations from the Early Church Fathers in parallel.”

Gutenberg Digital

This page includes the Göttingen copy of the Gutenberg Bible, the Model Book and the Helmasperger Notarial Instrument, and explanatory texts about Gutenberg and his life, including the early period of letterpress printing and its impact.


The International Greek New Testament Project (IGNTP) “exists to produce a comprehensive critical apparatus of the Greek New Testament.”

INTF NT Virtual Manuscript Room

The New Testament Virtual Manuscript Room is a place where scholars can go to find a list of New Testament manuscript resources. You can contribute to marking attributes about these manuscripts, and can find state of the art tools for researching them. Of particular interest is the link “Liste” which takes the viewer to a page where you can type in search criteria to examine the manuscript database and ultimately the manuscripts themselves.

Institute for Textual Scholarship and Electronic Editing

“The Institute for Textual Scholarship and Electronic Editing is founded on the premise that computer methods are now fundamental to every stage of the editorial process... ITSEE projects range from electronic editions of a single manuscript to large-scale investigation and analysis of complex textual traditions and the development of innovative tools and platforms for digital editing.”

New Testament Greek Manuscripts Listed by Century

Maurice Robinson has compiled a list of the New Testament Greek continuous-text manuscripts and organized them by century and type: papyri, majuscules, minuscules.

The Oxyrhynchus Papyri Project

The Oxyrhynchus Papyri are a group of manuscripts discovered during the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries by archaeologists including Bernard Pyne Grenfell and Arthur Surridge Hunt at an ancient rubbish dump near Oxyrhynchus in Egypt. The manuscripts date from the 1st to the 6th century AD.

Polonsky Foundation Digitization Project

The Bodleian Libraries of the University of Oxford and the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (Vatican Library) have joined efforts in a landmark digitization project with the aim of opening up their repositories of ancient texts. 1.5 million pages from their remarkable collections will be made freely available online to researchers and to the general public.

The Schøyen Collection

The Schøyen Collection “comprises manuscripts from the whole world spanning over 5000 years. It is the largest private manuscript collection formed in the 20th century. The whole collection, MSS 1-5426, comprises 13,717 manuscript items, including 2,269 volumes. 6,860 manuscript items are from the ancient period, 3300 BC—500 AD; 3,844 are from the medieval period, 500—1500; and 3,013 are post-medieval. There are manuscripts from 134 different countries and territories in 120 languages and 184 scripts.”

The Sinai Palimpsests Project

The Sinai Palimpsests Project is "an international effort that with a five-year grant from the Arcadia Fund used multi-spectral imaging to recover the erased layers of writing in seventy-four palimpsest manuscripts kept by the library of St. Catherine's Monastery." The project provides MSI images for 74 palimpsest manuscripts.  

University of Michigan’s “From Papyri to King James”

This exhibit traces the roots of the King James Bible, showing both its direct ancestors and other, related religious works from A.D. 150 to A.D. 1611. Attention is also given to the materials upon which the biblical text was preserved, from papyrus to parchment to paper.

Vatican Library

At present the Vatican Library preserves over 180,000 manuscripts (including 80,000 archival units), 1,600,000 printed books, over 8,600 incunabula, over 300,000 coins and medals, 150,000 prints, drawings and engravings and over 150,000 photographs.